Based on previous literature, the auditor’s independence can be affected by several factors. External auditors are hired by parties who are likely to benefit from the information provided in the audit like stakeholders and investors. The independence of these auditors must be safeguarded during each engagement. external auditor who audits the financial statements of a company that is subject to the Securities Law, in order to make it possible to implement, in actuality, the requirement regarding the independence of those auditing the financial statements submitted to the ISA. Add Paper to My Library. Audit quality is one of the most important issues in audit practice today. Generally, external auditors are statutory auditors out of love for compliance with the regulations and in public sectors, hired by the public accounting bodies. Independence became an issue after corporate scandals such as Enron. An auditor who fulfills these criteria is regarded as independent. PDF | Independence is one of the most important attributes of the accounting profession. Given the importance of his role, it is essential to explain the main concepts around the term auditing and subsequently focus on the concept of the auditor’s independence. In corporate governance, independence is therefore important in a number of contexts. 25 Pages Posted: 22 May … The independence of the auditor is the auditor's ability to maintain [10] Linda E. DeAngelo. We can custom-write anything as well! Open PDF in Browser. Firms face the risk of damaging their reputation once auditors fail to report mistakes in their audits. The reliability and validity of an opinion rely on the independence of the auditor. Roles & Responsibilities of an External Audit. The role of the external auditor in the supervisory process requires standards such as independence,objectivity and integrity to be achieved. We organize our review around four main threats to auditor independence, namely, (a) client importance, (b) non-audit services, (c) auditor tenure, and (d) client affiliation with audit firms. PERCEPTIONS OF AUDITOR’S INDEPENDENCE: A REGIONAL STUDY INVOLVING SAUDI ARABIA, KUWAIT AND UNITED ARAB EMIRATES Gilda M. Agacer Ahmad Adbullah Al-Meghanes INTRODUCTION External audits are done based on specific auditing standards to ascertain the validity and reliability of the financial statements prepared by companies. It used to be the duty of the corporation’s CFO to employ an external auditor. In light of the growing importance of internal audit functions (IAF) and the limited archival evidence on internal audit quality, we examine an interactive model of IAF quality (comprised of competence and independence) to better understand the determinants of IAF effectiveness as a financial reporting monitor. Auditor Independence - Its Importance to the External Auditor's Role in Banking Regulation and Supervision. TL;DR (Too Long; Didn't Read) The primary advantage of external audits is that they are more impartial than internal audits. •To explain importance of auditor independence and practical implications for auditor in meeting demands of audit role. It is vital that external auditors are independent of their clients, that internal auditors are independent of the colleagues they are auditing, and that non-executive directors have a degree of independence from their executive colleagues on a board. Scandals like the failure of Enron has raised the importance of independence of auditing. Yet despite general guidelines, … If auditors do not remain independent, they will be less likely to report irregularities, thereby impairing audit quality. Importance of auditor independence As discussed above there are three types of auditors, they are internal auditors, external auditors, and government auditors. Auditor independence ensures an unbiased perspective and allows financial statements to be more reliable. Importance of Auditor Independence INTRODUCTION Independence has been always a huge concern in the auditing profession. Copy URL. It is … In conclusion, auditor independence remains an important element when individuals are conducting an audit. Related: 6 (more) threats to auditor independence . •To explain how various kinds of conflict and risk can affect the independence of the auditor. Due to highly publicized audit failures, the topic of auditor independence has gained increasing attention from academics, regulators, and practitioners around the world in recent years (Hope & Langli, 2008). The fundamental problem is to ascertain whether the auditor occupies a position in which he can resist the pressure of the leaders so as not to compromise his independence. Actual independence is quite straightforward for an accountant who is across the requirements. The role of the external auditor is to provide unbiased eyes for an organization so it knows its strengths and growth areas and can move forward in a positive way. ), amended under SOx to enhance auditor independence after the Enron/Arthur Andersen, provides the standard used to judge a business relationship between a company and its auditor … The most important applicable laws and regulation are: • Audit Firms Supervision Act (Wet toezicht accountantsorganisaties, (Wta)), (30-12-2009, stb. Independence here implies independence from parties that have an interest in results published in financial statements of the entity. Abstract. Copy DOI. •To define auditor independence. The auditor independence is measured by how honest an auditor... | … Auditor Independence Auditors provide independent third-party opinion on the financial statements of a company. Even though the regulator and external auditor perform similar functions, namely the verification of financial statements, they serve particular interests. A handful Using these links will ensure access to this page indefinitely. Independence requires integrity and an objective approach to the audit process. independence of the external auditor. Journal of Accounting and Economics 3 (1981) client in conducting the audit, analyzing the results, and 183-199. external auditor performing internal audit functions - although the paper will also consider to a great extent, internal audit concepts, the internal audit function, certain definitions, and ultimately, the overlapping roles of testifying and consulting experts in forensic accounting. Auditor independence is important because it has an impact on audit quality.2 DeAngelo (1981a) suggests that audit quality is defined as the probability that (a) the auditor will uncover a breach and (b) report the breach. A company that institutes strong internal controls and conducts both random and regular audits sends an important message to employees. It is an important part of the regulatory and supervisory infrastructure and thus an activity of significant public interest. The concept requires the auditor to carry out his or her work freely and in an objective manner. Internal and external audits are a fraud prevention measure. While the IIA standards (IIA, 2009a) emphasize independence at the organizational level, the definition indicates that it is also important at the individual, engagement and functional levels. (1999) noted that, auditors must be constantly aware of factors that affect the audit environment which can influence or harm their independence in other to ensure confidence of investors. be so close as to put at risk the auditors’ independence and objectivity yet, at the same time, should be such that management and auditors can work together in an environment of constructive challenge. ROLE OF AUDITOR The role of auditors should be a key to attest the quality of financial performance of an organisation, in terms of reducing the risks of misstatements and to ensure that the financial statements are compiled according to current laws and regulations. 1981.AUDITOR SIZE AND AUDIT mental attitude objectively and impartially in the interests of the QUALITY. Audit independence is important so that auditor’s opinion can be impartial, unbiased, free from any undue influence or conflict of interest to override the professional judgement of the professional accounting (Rutgers Accounting Web, 2015). Published in the 2006 Conference Proceedings of the IBFR Conference, Costa Rica and Elsevier Journals. 9). AUDITOR INDEPENDENCE Business Alliances • Rule 2-01 (b) of Regulation S-X (17 CFR 210.2-01. Auditor independence refers to the independence of the internal auditor or of the external auditor from parties that may have a financial interest in the business being audited. Achieving quality financial reporting depends on the role that the external audit plays in supporting the quality of financial reporting of quoted companies. state of mind while independence is the state of affairs that permits an internal auditor to operate with an objective attitude. This paper aims to consider the importance of auditor independence in the external auditor's role in banking regulation and supervision. PDF MPRA_paper_231.pdf Download (340kB) | Preview. 5. Mautz and Sharaf (1961) in Arnold et al. •To understand the difference between practitioner and profession independence. The auditor’s opinion is suspect without independence and the third parties think that there is no need for external auditors without independence (Salehi, 2009). It is critical for an auditor to be independent of the firms they audit due to many reasons. Read Essay On Importance Of The Independence Of The External Auditor and other exceptional papers on every subject and topic college can throw at you. Independence of external auditors. the external auditor is an issue currently attracting scholarly scrunity. North-Holland Publishing Company attestation in the audit report. So the company will appoint the auditor who will conduct the external audit of the company and give its audit report in writing, which will be based on the various evidence and information gathered on the true and fair view of the financial statements provided to him to the concerned parties. Internal auditors’ independence and objectivity is an important factor to enable coordination and cooperation between SAIs and internal auditors (INTOSAI GOV 9150), including in determining whether and to what extent SAIs can use the work of internal auditors (ISSAI 1610, ISA 610/par. Threats to Independence. Auditor independence —meaning independence of both the firm engaged to perform external audits and the individual auditors who conduct the audits–is a central facet of external auditing. It will also support the claim that auditor independence is indeed central to the auditor… Importance of Auditor Independance 1. 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