Sarkozy, with 30.7%, and Royal, taking 25.2%, prevailed in the first round of voting. In 2017, the distribution of the number of divorces in France showed that 33,456 of pronounced divorces were by mutual consent. Violence against the gay community increased in the weeks leading up to the vote. The dialogue signalled a marked shift from the tense French-American relationship under Chirac. The only place where Hollande's party didn't receive devastating losses was in Paris where Socialist Party member Anne Hidalgo was elected the city's first female mayor. Unpopular economic reforms are credited for the UMP's defeat. Waterways: 8,500 km (1,686 km accessible to craft of 3,000 metric tons) (2011). Copyright (c) 1995-2021 Kenkyusha Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. ): $2.902 trillion; per capita $40,400. 6. Reaction in France was a mixture of anger, disbelief, and embarrassment, with polls showing that most people thought he was set up. The legislation was expected to be approved quickly by the Constitutional Council and signed into law by President François Hollande. Prime Minister Jean-Marc Ayrault resigned after the election. He also appointed Socialist Bernard Kouchner, a co-founder of the Nobel-prize-winning Médecins Sans Frontières, as foreign minister. Days later, two bombs exploded at the Zaventem international airport and a metro station in Brussels, killing more than 30 people. The Congress of Vienna (1815) sought to restore the pre-Napoleonic order in the person of Louis XVIII, but industrialization and the middle class, both fostered under Napoléon, built pressure for change, and a revolution in 1848 drove Louis Philippe, last of the Bourbons, into exile. During the fall 2002 and winter 2003 diplomatic wrangling at the United Nations over Iraq, France repeatedly defied the U.S. and Britain by calling for more weapons inspections and diplomacy before resorting to war. On May 29, 2005, French voters rejected the European Union constitution by a 55%–45% margin. Trafficking. CMUdict is Copyright (C) 1993-2008 by Carnegie Mellon University. The changes, approved in July, also allow the president to address Parliament for the first time since 1875. The new bill is intended to decrease unemployment and allow businesses and employees to negotiate directly about working hours. Such arrangements have become increasingly common in Western countries since the late 20th century, being led by changing social views, especially regarding marriage, gender roles and religion. By 987, the crown passed to Hugh Capet, a princeling who controlled only the Ile-de-France, the region surrounding Paris. The government maintained that the wearing of conspicuous religious symbols threatened the country's secular identity; others contended that the law curtailed religious freedom. News reports said the brothers have connections to Al Qaeda in Yemen and that Said trained with militants there. Therefore, the registered number of foreign nationals with the status of residence of “Temporary Visitor” is small,accounting for only 1.5% of the total number of registered foreign nationals as of the end of 2009. I’m just saying, statistics can be played with to support whichever side you are speaking about. In all, 17 people died in the spate of attacks. (特に)〈結婚していない男女が〉同棲(どうせい)する; 〔…と〕同居する 〔with〕. Copyright © 2021 CJKI. Henry IV, of the Bourbon dynasty, issued the Edict of Nantes (1598), granting religious tolerance to the Huguenots (French Protestants). Allied armies liberated France in Aug. 1944, and a provisional government in Paris headed by Gen. Charles de Gaulle was established. Land area: 210,668 sq mi (545,630 sq km); total area: 211,209 sq mi (547,030 sq km), Population (2014 est. He drafted a new constitution for a Fifth Republic, adopted on September 28, which strengthened the presidency and reduced legislative power. Since then she has admitted to prosecutors that she lied about what happened after the incident. By the end of January, the militants had retreated bacak to the north. Some statistics on cohabitation are scary as research has found that people who cohabit before marriage are 50% more likely to be divorced. But four years of hostile occupation had reduced northeast France to ruins. Yemen-based Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula claimed responsibility for the attack in a statement and a video released on Jan. 14. As a result, the statistics on the foreign nationals registered in Japan can be considered as the data mainly for foreign nationals who stay in Japan for a relatively long period of time for such purposes as employment, study or cohabitation, living a “settled life” in the local community. Much of the campaign focused on Europe's response to the debt crisis, with Hollande saying that the austerity measures pushed by Sarkozy and German chancellor Angela Merkel actually exacerbated the crisis by stifling growth. Once Burgundy and Brittany were added, the Valois dynasty's holdings resembled modern France. ): Paris, 10.764 (metro. Algeria, after a long civil war, finally became independent in 1962. Airstrikes quickly followed in northern Iraq. Presidential elections held in April 2007 pitted Socialist Ségolène Royal against conservative Interior Minister Nicolas Sarkozy, the nominee for the Union for a Popular Movement. President Hollande backed the law despite months of protests against it. A grand jury indicted him on multiple charges, including committing a criminal sex act, attempted rape, and sexual abuse. The results are presented in Table 2. Sexual exploitation. 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